马克思劳资关系研究的局限性及赖特阶级理论的借鉴

【发布时间】 2017-06-29

 

马克思劳资关系研究的局限性及赖特阶级理论的借鉴[1]

 

赵秀丽

(内蒙古财经大学,经济学院;呼和浩特市,010070

 

摘要:劳资关系产生于劳动过程之中,并通过再生产得以强化。在马克思的再生产理论中,采用科学抽象法做出三个重要假设,形成基本的两阶级劳资关系理论模型。该模型具有合理性和理论价值,是分析今天丰富而复杂的劳资关系的逻辑基点,但在解释劳动过程跨国化配置的现象之时解释乏力。而赖特在其阶级理论中提出了“矛盾的阶级定位”分析方法,对中间阶级进行了系统的分析和经验验证,并提出确定阶级定位的依据和标准,这在很大程度上发展了马克思的两阶级劳资关系模型,从劳资关系的构成主体层面拓展了劳资关系的边界,可以丰富和扩展马克思的劳资关系理论,对分析当代的劳资关系具有重要的启示和指导意义。

关键词:劳资关系;两阶级模型;矛盾的阶级定位conteaditoty locations within class relations;劳资关系边界扩展

 

 

Limitations of Marx's Research on Labor Relations and Reference from Wright's Class Theory

Xiu-li Zhao

Economics College, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Hohhot, 010070

 

   Abstract:Labor relations arise from labor process and are strengthened by reproduction. In Marx's theory of reproduction, three important assumptions are made by using scientific abstraction to form a basic model of the labor relations between two classes. The Two-class Model is reasonable and theoretical. It is the logically basic point for analyzing the today's rich and complex labor relations. When explaining the phenomenon of transnational allocation of labor process, the Two-class Model is weak. In Wright's theory of class, he used the method of contradictory locations within class relations, with which he systematically analyzed and empirically verified the middle class, and then he proposed the basis and standards of locating the classes. Wright's theory developed Marx’s Two-class Model to a great extent. Expanding the boundaries of labor relations on the side of main body which the labor relations is composed of will enrich and extend Marx's theory of the labor relations. Hence it has important enlightenment and guiding significance to the analysis of contemporary labor relations

Keywords: Labor Relations; Two-class Model; Contradictory Locations within Class Relations; Border Expansion of Labor Relations



收稿日期:2016-04-30

基金项目:国家社科基金项目(11XJL013)资助、内蒙古自治区高等学校青年科技英才支持计划(NJYT-13-B17)资助。

作者简介:赵秀丽(1978-),女(满族),内蒙古开鲁县人,内蒙古财经大学经济学院教授,主要从事政治经济学与网络经济学研究。

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